Psych Medications: Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines/Non-benzodiazepine Anxiolytics (Ativan, Klonopin, Valium, Xanax, Librium, Buspar, Inderal)

  • [Val and Xan the Klo Ind the Bus] “Val and Xan the Klown In the Bus”
  • benzos increase GABA, have rapid onset
  • few drug interactions, but can interact with other CNS depressants (alcohol) and manifest as sedation or death
  • there is potential for ABUSE, be cautious when giving to patients with history of substance abuse
  • benzos must be tapered to lessen S&S of withdrawal (fatigue, irritability, insomnia, tremors)
  • BUSPAR is a special drug: takes a while to work, so often is taken with a benzo while waiting for therapeutic effect; no potential for abuse; high cost
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